Celiac disease is a common genetic disorder involving the small intestines. About 2 million Americans have this disease, which was originally thought to be a rare childhood disease. It is now known to be a very common genetic disorder. Celiac disease symptoms are most often very unspecific.
Celiac disease is caused by an allergic reaction to the gluten in our diets. The lining of the small intestine is inflamed and eventually destroyed by the disease. Gluten is present in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten is a family of proteins, and the amino acids in these proteins are very long. Enzymes in our intestine usually break up these long chains into single chains during the digestion process. However, the enzymes in celiac disease are unable to break these proteins up. Longer amino acid chains can be toxic to the lining of the intestine and cause an immune reaction. This immune reaction of our body attacks these amino acids, but damages the intestinal cell at the same time.
What Are The Most Common Celiac Disease Symptoms?
Celiac disease symptoms vary from person to person. Infants and young children experience digestive symptoms more often than adults do. Common symptoms in children include abdominal bloating and pain, vomiting, constipation, chronic diarrhea, and even foul smelling stool. Weight loss may be present as well. Celiac disease has a huge impact on the absorption of key nutrients at this stage of a child’s life. The compromised ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients can cause an array of problems for the child’s development and growth. Problems like delayed puberty and dental problems are commonly seen in children with celiac disease. It may even delay the growth and cause a short statue because the essential nutrients in the food cannot be absorbed.
Adult are far less likely to experience symptoms in the digestive tract. Most likely the abdominal celiac disease symptoms are very vague, and the patient is often misdiagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Common symptoms include fatigue, bone or joint pain, osteoporosis, seizures, canker sores, depression, or infertility. Other symptoms can be anxiety, arthritis, missed periods, or tingling/ numbness in hands or feet. There are a number of diseases associated with celiac disease. Autoimmune thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, and insulin-dependent diabetes are often seen in conjunction with celiac.
Celiac disease testing is usually done through a small intestine biopsy. This is the most accurate test, but it has its limitations. Another test is a specific blood antibody test. Antibodies like antigliadin, endomysial, and anti-tissue transglutaminase are specific to the celiac disease. The presence of these antibodies, particularly endomysial and anti-tissue transglutaminase, are an indicator for the disease.
A celiac disease symptom checker can be used to determine, if someone should get an antibody blood test for the celiac disease diagnosis. Patients with chronic diarrhea, excess gas, bloating, abdominal distension, and fat in the stool, should consider to be tested. Individuals, who have been diagnosed with one of the diseases mentioned above, should be tested as well. Children with symptoms of malnutrition, and those who exhibit signs of growth retardation, are at risk.
Celiac disease is incurable since it is a genetic disease. A gluten free diet is the common celiac disease treatment. Individuals have to avoid all foods that contain wheat, rye, or barley. Even oats should be avoided. Celiac disease sufferers have to pay extra attention to the ingredients in processed foods. Even ice cream and candy bars can contain gluten. A gluten free diet will keep the celiac disease symptoms at a minimum.